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© 2019 Bell Family Jewelers

40-21 Bell Blvd. Bayside, NY 11361

CALL US 1718 279 3035

Education

Buyng a diamond is not something that is done without some forethought because it is , frankly, an important purchase. Fortunately, the most important elements you need to know are easily remembered because it all begins with the letter C: cut, clarity, color and carat size. There are other components that you may wish to become familiar with, such as girdle and table, and these will be explained as well in the following paragraphs. But "the four C's" are the most important points to know about. What you learn will go a long way to helping you make the perfect choice.

Diamond Cut

Because it is composed of a generally transparent material, a diamond lets light pass through it, even in its most rough condition. But early on in history, stone cutters realized that you can get extra sparkle if they faceted the diamond, and they set about finding out the best combination of facet size and shape and angle to get the most sparkle. Eventually, one design with 58 facets were shown to be the most efficient way to maximize the stone's best qualities. This became known as the ideal cut. It remains the industry standard, and is the shape that most people recognize as being a diamond shape.

 

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Diamond Clarity

The visual appearance of existing internal characteristics of a diamond called inclusions and surface imperfection popularly know as blemishes, is referred as the clarity of a diamond. It is one of the four pillars of 4 C’s. Inclusions in a diamond can be made by foreign particles or another diamond crystal or by naturally any structural imperfections like tiny cracks. Flawless or nearly flawless diamonds are very rare and very expensive Solomonjewelers.com provides with the some of the clearest diamonds. Learn more how to choose the right grade of clarity for the perfect diamond ring of your choice.

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Diamond Enchancements

Diamond enhancements, known also as diamond treatments, involve several techniques for improving

the gemological characteristics of gems that are already cut and polished. Jewelers treat the diamonds mainly to improve their clarity and other quality parameters by laser drilling and other means so that the gems can be sold at higher prices. This is the reason that United

States Federal Trade Commission requires the jewelers

to clearly disclose to the customers all the treatments done on the diamond.

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Diamond Certificate

GIA, AGS, EGL and other diamond grading certificates. Diamond certificates, or certs, as they are known in the diamond industry, are often called the fifth C, in addition to the well-known 4Cs of diamond stones: carat weight, cut, color, and clarity.

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Diamond Color

Color is one of the four main characteristics of the 4 C's of a diamond. It is important that they buyer does pay importance to the color as it also determines the quality of a diamond. It is advisable that a buyer has some basic knowledge about the grading of colors of a diamond for a better understanding and to be able to make the right choice. A diamond which is chemical free and structurally perfect would be absolutely colorless with no hues.

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Diamond Carat Weight

The term carat is used to measure the weight of a diamond and referee to the mass of the diamond. As once you have decided on which cut, color and clarity to choose the next important decision would be to decide the carat weight. The budget has to be kept in mind while you select your preferred carat. Since diamond are a produce of mother earth, larger diamonds are rarity as compared to smaller ones, hence they are highly prized.

The value of a diamond rises with the carat weight. A one carat diamond ring will always be more expensive in comparison to a ring made of smaller diamonds that weigh either a carat or even more.

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Diamond Fluorescence

Some diamonds reveal a change in colors when ultraviolet light falls on them. The light falls on them. The light may be from sun or from fluorescent light bulbs. The characteristic of the diamonds showing another color in the light is called fluorescence. When buying the diamonds, you should ask the jeweler for the certificate disclosing fluorescence quality of the gemstone to determine its prices correctly.

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Diamond Care

Diamonds may be the hardest substance on earth, but they are not indestructible. While they can be cut or polished only by another diamond, a hard blow can cause them to chip. Never wear your diamond jewelry when doing rough work.

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